AB_tree A large tree up to 75 – 100 feet  with a rounded crown. Due to its shallow roots, it is often found in thickets produced by root suckering ,surrounded by a ring of young beech trees. One of the two deciduous trees that hold on to its pale leaves through the winter and early spring. Smooth bark traditionally falls victim to initial carving vandals. Earliest Sanskrit characters were carved on strips of beech bark. Nuts are utilized by forest wildlife, including deer, black bear, raccoon, squirrels, grouse and wild turkey. Commonly used for flooring, furniture, woodenware and veneer. Known as a good fuel wood. A member of the Beech Family. AB_leaf Oblong to oval, 2 ½- 5 1/2” long with a pointed tip and  9-14 pairs of veins, each ending in a distinct tooth. Green above, paler below. AB_bark Smooth, thin and light gray. Grows darker with age, but remains smooth  and unbroken unless cracked by insects. AB_twig Slender, zigzag, pointed,shiny brown buds ¾” -1”. Buds covered with overlapping cigar shaped scales, looking much like thorns. AB_nut Prickly spines cover an irregularly triangular woody husk,1/2 – ¾” long. Two to threeedible nuts mature in fall. AB_bud Species is unisexual –  male flowers on round heads hanging from  slender stalks. Female flowers borne on short spikes appearing after leaves in spring.